酵母的历史 History of yeasts

author: Angel

约4000年前,古埃及人开始利用酵母制作面包。

●About 4,000 years ago, ancient Egyptians used yeast to make bread.

图:古埃及人做的面包以及做面包用的陶罐

The left picture shows the bread made by ancient Egyptians and earthenware jar used in making bread.

考古学家在挖掘埃及遗迹时发现用来制作酵母面包的磨石和焙烤室,还发现了4000年前的面包房及酿酒厂的图纸。

Archaeologists exploring Egyptian heritage sites found early grinding stones and baking chambers for making yeasted bread, as well as drawings of 4,000-year-old bakeries and breweries.

图:这个埃及人正在准备啤酒桶

This Egyptian was preparing beer barrel

●殷商时期,古代中国人就利用酵母酿制白酒。汉朝时期,中国人开始用酵母制作馒头、饼等面点;

●As early as the Yin and Shang dynasties, ancient Chinese used yeast to brew liquor. In the Han Dynasty, Chinese began using yeast to make steamed bread, cake and other pastries;

●1680年,荷兰人列文虎克(Antonie van Leeuwenhoek)首次用显微镜观察到酵母。

●In 1680, Dutchman Antonie van Leeuwenhoek observed yeast under a microscope for the first time.

●19世纪,法国科学家巴斯德首次发现酿造酒精是酵母发挥了重要作用。

●In the 19th century, French scientist Pasteur discovered that yeast plays an important role in brewing alcohol.

●1846年,酵母在欧洲首次实现工业化生产;

●In 1846, the first industrialized production of yeast began in Europe.

●20世纪80年代中期,酵母在中国实现了现代化生产。

●In the mid-1980s, modernized production of yeast began in China.

安琪公司是中国最早实现酵母现代化生产的企业,已成为亚洲规模最大、世界第三大酵母生产企业。

Angel is the first enterprise to embark upon modernized production of yeast in China, and is presently Asia’s largest and the world’s third largest yeast producer.

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