美味的秘密武器酵母抽提物Secret weapon of umami-yeast extract

 author: Angel

人们最早发现,很多天然的动植物具有很好的鲜味,如海带、蘑菇、鲣鱼、鸡肉,经研究发现,海带含有丰富的呈味氨基酸,蘑菇含有大量的鸟苷酸,鲣鱼含有丰富的呈味肌苷酸,鸡汤含有丰富的呈味多肽和氨基酸。经科学研究证明,食物中充足的呈味多肽氨基酸和核苷酸就是美味的秘密。

It’s well known that many animals and plants such as kelp, mushroom, tuna fish and chicken are pleasant to taste. Scientific researchers have found that the taste polypeptide amino acids and nucleotides are the secret of flavor. For example, the taste amino acids in kelp, guanylic acid in mushroom, taste inosinic acid in tuna fish and polypeptide and amino acid in chicken meat.

酵母含有约50%的蛋白质,经自溶降解成特定的多肽、氨基酸,能呈现出不同风味的肉香和肉感。酵母所富含核酸可生物降解成呈味核苷酸,酵母的这些特性将它浓缩精致而萃取的自溶降解物就变成了美味的秘密武器——酵母抽提物。

Yeast contains 50% proteins. Those proteins can autolyze and self-destruct into specific polypeptides and amino acids, which demonstrate savory flavor and texture of meat. The nucleic acids which are rich in yeast self-destruct into taste nucleotides. This property of yeast is used to obtain the “Secret weapon of umami”, yeast extract from concentrated and extracted yeast autolysates.

酵母抽提物作为一种新型调味料,广泛应用于食品行业,如肉制品、方便面调料、鸡精、鸡粉及各种调味调味料 、香精香料、酱油、蚝油、餐饮调味底料、调味酱料和肉汁、饼干、休闲食品、糕点、膨化食品、酱卤制品、速冻食品、速食等,对产品起到风味强化和增香的作用,取得了很好的效果。

As a new flavoring, yeast extract is widely used in food industry such as meat products, instant noodle seasoning, essence of chicken, chicken powder as well as all kinds of species, aroma, soya sauce, oyster sauce, soup base, gravy, biscuits, snacks, cakes, puffed food, stewed meat in seasoning, frozen food and fast food and so on, with good results in enhancing the special flavor and adding more delicious tastes.

酵母含有丰富的优质的蛋白质、B族维生素及微量元素,在营养保健品、工业培养基等方面也得到了很广泛应用。因为酵母抽提物具有纯天然、营养丰富、味道鲜美、口感醇厚的优点, 欧美等发达国家对酵母抽提物进行了广泛的开发和运用。就权威机构调查,酵母抽提物在鲜味剂市场需求中所占比例高达35%,且增加的趋势明显。酵母抽提物除做调味料外还广泛用于保健食品。目前世界上酵母抽提物的年用量达十几万吨,应用领域和范围在逐年扩大。进几年,我国酵母抽提物的研究和开发成快速发展的趋势,酵母抽提物的市场需求正以每年30%的速度高速增长。我国是世界味精生产和消费大国,随着人民生活水平的提高,在沿海及其他较发达的地区,各种天然的调味料正随着人们口味的变化而逐渐占领市场,需求正在不断扩大。酵母抽提物的发展为食品工业和营养健康领域等提供了广阔的市场和美好的前景。

Yeast contains rich high-quality proteins, B-complex vitamins and micronutrients. It’s used widely in nutrition and health products and culture media. Because yeast extract is natural, nutritious, tasty and mellow, it’s been widely developed and used in European and American countries. According to the investigation of authorities, yeast extract observes up to 35% of the flavor agent market and this tends to increase. Besides the use as flavor additive, yeast extract is also wildly used in health food. At present, the worldwide consumption amount of yeast extract reaches about hundred thousand tons every year and the applicated fields and range step up year by year. In the last years, research and development of yeast extract in China has showed a trend of rapid rise with an annual increase that has reached 30%. China is a major monosodium glutamate production and consumption country. Varied natural flavorings to meet the needs of taste changes are popular with the improved living standards especially in coastal and developed areas. The development of yeast extract provides broad and great market prospect in food industry and nutrition and health.

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